### How Bank FD Is Calculated?

A fixed deposit (FD) is a financial instrument where an individual deposits a lump sum of money with a bank or financial institution for a specific period of time, with the promise of earning a fixed rate of interest on the principal amount. The interest rate on FDs varies from bank to bank and is decided by various factors, such as the prevailing market conditions and the tenure of the deposit when you choose the ICICI Bank FD Calculator.

Calculating the interest earned on a fixed deposit is a simple process, and the formula used to calculate it is as follows:

A = P x (1 + r/n) ^ (n x t)

Where:

A = the maturity value of the fixed deposit

P = the principal amount deposited

r = the rate of interest offered by the bank

n = the number of times the interest is compounded in a year

t = the tenure of the deposit in years

Let us understand this formula in more detail.

Principal Amount (P):

The principal amount is the amount of money that an individual deposits with the bank. This is the initial amount on which the interest is calculated using SBI Bank FD Calculator.

Rate of Interest (r):

The interest rate on an FD is the rate at which the bank promises to pay interest to the depositor for the tenure of the deposit. This interest rate is decided by the bank and is fixed for the entire tenure of the deposit.

Compounding Frequency (n):

The interest on fixed deposits can be compounded on a monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, or yearly basis. The interest rate on the deposit is applied to the principal amount, and the interest earned is added to the principal amount at the end of the compounding period. The compounding frequency determines how often the interest is added to the principal amount.

Tenure of the Deposit (t):

The tenure of the deposit is the duration for which the money is deposited with the bank. It is usually measured in years, and the interest rate is fixed for the entire duration of the deposit.

Maturity Value (A):

The maturity value of the fixed deposit is the amount that the depositor will receive at the end of the tenure of the deposit. It is calculated by adding the interest earned on the principal amount to the principal amount.

Let’s consider an example to understand how a fixed deposit is calculated:

Suppose Mr. X deposits Rs. 1,00,000 in a fixed deposit with a bank for a tenure of 5 years at an interest rate of 6% per annum, compounded annually. The calculation of the maturity value of the deposit is as follows:

P = Rs. 1,00,000

r = 6% per annum

n = 1 (compounded annually)

t = 5 years

Using the formula A = P x (1 + r/n) ^ (n x t), we get:

A = 1,00,000 x (1 + 0.06/1) ^ (1 x 5)

A = 1,00,000 x (1.06) ^ 5

A = 1,33,822.16

Therefore, the maturity value of the fixed deposit after 5 years is Rs. 1,33,822.16.

In conclusion, calculating the interest earned on a fixed deposit is a simple process, and the formula used to calculate it takes into account the principal amount, the rate of interest, the compounding frequency, and the tenure of the deposit with the help of ICICI Bank FD Calculator. By understanding this formula, an individual can make an informed decision about the amount of money to deposit and the tenure of the deposit to earn the maximum interest. Fixed deposits are a safe and reliable investment option that offers guaranteed returns, making them an ideal choice for those who prefer low-risk investments.